Mental Health Problems
Mental health problems affect how a person thinks, feels or perceives themselves and their environment. Changes to thinking, feelings or behaviour can significantly affect how the person functions, which may cause distress to them or to other people.
Depression lowers a person’s mood, and can cause feelings of hopelessness, despair and exhaustion. Depression can affect sleep, work, appetite, libido and self-esteem. Depression affects people in different ways and can cause symptoms such as persistent feelings of sadness, self loathing, tearfulness, a lack of motivation, increased anxiety or irritability and negative invasive thoughts. There can be physical symptoms too such as feeling constantly tired, sleeping badly, a decreased appetite or sex drive and various aches and pains. The severity of the symptoms can vary. At its mildest, people may simply feel persistently low in spirit, while at its most severe; depression can make people feel suicidal. People with a family history of depression are more likely to experience depression themselves.
Anxiety involves constant and unrealistic worry or fear or about any aspect of daily life. Anxiety may cause restlessness, sleeping problems, agitation, derealisation and feelings of unreality, feeling detached from the surrounding environment and the people in it or thoughts of losing control or going “mad.” Physical symptoms may also appear, such as increased heartbeat, nausea, sweating, muscle tension or dizziness. Anxiety can make a person imagine that things in their life are worse than they are and prevent them from confronting their fears. This can commonly lead to avoidance of certain situations. Although avoiding an anxiety-provoking situation produces instant relief from the feelings of anxiety, it is only a short-term solution and does not address any deep-rooted issues.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, is an anxiety disorder with two main characteristics: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwelcome and invasive thoughts, images, ideas or urges that repeatedly appear in the mind. For example, a person may repeatedly think that they have been contaminated by dirt, germs or poison. A more intense obsession could be a preoccupation with the thought that a loved one is dying or is in serious danger. Compulsions are repetitive activities and routines that people feel obliged to carry out. This could involve repeatedly checking a door to ensure it is locked or washing hands a specific number of times. People often use compulsions as an escape from obsessive thoughts. However, this relief is only temporary and intrusive thoughts are likely to return.
Bipolar disorder is characterised by severe mood swings between depression and mania. These can last several weeks or months. During the depressive stage people experience feelings of intense depression.
They may become suicidal and find it difficult to make simple decisions. Physical symptoms such as loss of appetite and sleeplessness may also be present. During the manic stage, people experience feelings of extreme elation. People may be overly energetic, recklessly spend money and feel irritated with other people who don’t share their view.
If an episode of mania or depression becomes very severe, people may develop psychotic symptoms. In a manic episode these tend to be grandiose beliefs, such as that they have special powers and abilities. In a depressive episode, people can feel overwhelmingly guilty, that they are worse than everybody else or that they no longer exist.
Schizophrenia affects people’s thinking, feeling and behaviour. Symptoms are broadly divided into positive and negative. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, such as hearing voices, which can be rude, critical or abusive, delusions, difficulty thinking and concentrating and feeling as though thoughts are vanishing or that someone else is controlling the body.
Many people also experience disorganised speech and thinking. Negative symptoms include a decrease in energy and emotions and interest in daily life. People may neglect routine jobs like washing or cooking and feel uncomfortable in the presence of other people. Schizophrenia is most commonly diagnosed in adolescents and young adults and can often be managed by taking antipsychotic medication along with psychological therapy.
Personality disorders affect how people manage their feelings and how they relate to others. These changes to feelings and the development of distorted beliefs can lead to unusual and unpredictable behaviour. People with a personality disorder may find it difficult to change their patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. Personality disorders usually become noticeable in adolescence or early adulthood, but can start in childhood.
This dedicated section of our website is for healthcare and specialist education professionals and provides useful information for commissioners, social workers, GPs, therapists, local authorities and primary care trusts. We are committed to working in partnership with an individual’s wider support network including local authorities, GPs and the NHS as well as the people we support and their families. We believe these strong partnerships are imperative in providing the highest standards of care.
To find out more about any of our services, please do not hesitate to contact us on 028 9038 6050 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Overview of Services:
Keys PCE supports children and young adults who have learning disabilities, autism, brain injuries, mental health problems and special educational needs through our schools, resource centres and residential and supported living services.
To find out more please do not hesitate to contact us on 028 9038 6050 or email email@example.com
Standards of Service:
Keys PCE is committed to providing the highest standards of support in all our services, our standards are monitored both
by external regulators and by internal governance initiatives we have implemented.
Keys PCE welcomes referrals from industry professionals.
If you have a specific referral or referral query contact:
Cherith Coulter – Referrals Manager
T: (028) 90 386050
M: 07918 716310
Mental health problems take many forms and affects people in very different ways. It can either be chronic – developing slowly and lasting a long period of time, or acute – severe and sudden onset but comparatively short in duration. Without support and treatment, mental health problems canhave an extremely damaging effect.